Green-e Energy National Standard and Governing Documents
Green-e Energy certified renewable energy products must meet and abide by all criteria and rules put forth in the following Governing Documents:
- The Green-e Energy National Standard, which covers renewable resource eligibility and product specifications
- The Green-e Energy Code of Conduct, which ensures that providers of certified renewable energy abide by consumer protection and environmental standards, and requires providers to disclose clear product information to all customers prior to their purchase and to use the Green-e logo correctly
- Scope 2 Emissions Guidance is provided as well, including residual mix emissions rates and a summary of the WRI Scope 2 emissions accounting under its GHG Protocol
- The Green-e Logo Use Guidelines, which provides information on appropriate display of the Green-e logo by seller of renewable energy
- Guidelines for Use of Green-e Marks by Renewable Energy Purchasers, which discusses how the trademarked Green-e logo and the term "Green-e" may and may not be used by purchasers of Green-e Energy Certified renewables.
Green-e Energy National Standard
Download the Green-e Energy National Standard
The Green-e Energy National Standard defines eligibility criteria for all Green-e Energy Certified renewable energy products: Renewable Energy Certificates, Utility Green Pricing Programs, Competitive Market Electricity Products, Onsite Generation, and Direct Energy Purchases (PPAs), in order to help promote high quality renewable electricity development and generation, and the environmental benefits of such generation in place of traditional fuels used for electricity.
The National Standard is currently in Version 2.8, which went into effect on April 1, 2016. A redlined version of the National Standard, highlighting changes made between Versions 2.7 and 2.8, can be downloaded here.
Hardcopies of all Green-e standards and translated copies of those standards are available upon request.
Updates to the Green-e Energy National Standard
The Green-e Energy National Standard is considered a dynamic document and may change
over time to accommodate changes in the renewable energy marketplace, policy
changes that affect renewable energy, and/or innovations in renewable energy
technology. For any substantial changes to the Green-e certification
criteria document, Green-e Energy commits that:
- Stakeholders will be solicited in advance of Green-e Governance Board meetings
for input on substantive policy change issues; and
- At least one year of notice (following the date of announcement of Board
approval) will be granted to utilities, green power marketers and other stakeholders
before the substantive changes go into effect, unless a more timely change
is necessary to respond to a significant and imminent problem threatening
the integrity of green power markets.
For more information on standard setting and revisions, please see the Standard Setting Procedures page.
Green-e Energy Call for Comments: National Standard version 3.0 (February 29, 2016)
Green-e Energy began an open stakeholder comment period for proposed changes on Monday, February 29, 2016. The period will be open until Saturday, April 30, 2016. To comment, take the survey located here
. For a look at proposed changes, you can download a PDF summary of all potential changes here
Green-e Energy Participant Market Update - Georgia (June 5, 2015)
Green-e Energy participant market update regarding solar generation in Georgia. The document describes the history and the process necessary to certify affected generation for RY 2014 and subsequent years. Green-e Energy Participant Market Update: Georgia
(Released June 5, 2015).
Facilities Made Ineligible by Version 2.3
For certain facilities eligible under Version 2.2 of the National Standard but made otherwise ineligible by the change to Version 2.3 of the National Standard, the following form may be used to apply for extended use of the facility under Version 2.3: Extended Use Worksheet
Additional Guidance on Specific Sections of the National Standard
Green-e Energy provides clarifications, worksheets or additional information related to certain elements of the National Standard, broken down by section below.
Co-firing of Biomass with Non-Renewables (Section II.B.3)
A worksheet is available for facilities applying as eligible sources of supply that are cofiring biomass with non-renewable fuels (Section II.B.3): Green-e Energy Co-firing Methodology Worksheets
Repowering Generation Facilities, Including Hydropower (Section II.E.2)
A worksheet is available for facilities applying as eligible sources of supply that have been repowered: Green-e Energy Repowering Worksheet
For detailed information on treatment of hydropower facilities over 10MW in capacity that were approved as repowered under Version 2.2 of the National Standard that are no longer eligible under Version 2.3, Green-e staff is providing a Clarification on Treatment of Repowered Hydropower Facilities
Double Claims and Generator Claims (Section III.E)
Regarding double claims in materials published by a generator or other supplier providing renewable MWh to sellers of Green-e Energy Certified products, counting electricity from which RECs have been sold as ‘zero emissions" when reporting electricity sales constitutes a double claim on those RECs. For example, if a utility sells RECs to another party and also counts the resulting null power as renewable when reporting electricity sales, this is a double claim resulting in RECs that are ineligible for use in a Green-e Energy Certified product. Likewise, there is a double claim if null power is disclosed as zero emissions for the purpose of informing electricity end users of the overall emissions from delivered electricity. This includes annual reports that display emissions from electricity supplied to end users. It is necessary to assign null power the emissions characteristics of system power for the purposes of reporting emissions linked to electricity sales.
Accurate statements by generators or generation owners about renewables in their generation portfolio are acceptable, but to ensure against double claims, statements about generation should be closely accompanied by the resource mix of actual sales. Such disclosure should account for RECs not being included with any null power delivered, and RECs and their zero-emissions attributes should be factored out of resource and emissions calculations. Such disclosure helps avoid misleading customers about the content of the electricity they are actually receiving.
Such an interpretation of the requirements of the Green-e Energy National Standard and Code of Conduct are directly in line with the FTC Green Guides
, which state on page 223, "If a marketer generates renewable electricity but sells renewable energy certificates for all of that electricity, it would be deceptive for the marketer to represent, directly or by implication, that it uses renewable energy."
We strongly encourage marketers to investigate the statements being made by generators about the electricity they are selling before contracting for the sale of RECs. While these generators have to attest that they have not made claims on the RECs, a determination by Green-e Energy staff that the RECs are being claimed due to statements made by generators and / or null power buyers, users or sellers will render such RECs ineligible. To avoid this, it is in your best interest to proactively research counterparties" statements that may affect eligibility and educating your suppliers about the impact of marketing statements that create unintentional claim on the RECs.
We encourage everyone to read the following documents on green marketing claims and the evaluation of statements for double claims, put together by Center for Resource Solutions, all of which are available on our REC Claims and Ownership
- Best Practices in Public Claims for Green Power Purchases and Sales (with particular attention to Claim Example 5-A: Utility claim on page 9);
- Best Practices in Public Claims for Solar Photovoltaic Systems; and
- Explanation of Green-e Energy Double Claims Policy
Wheeling Renewable Electricity from PJM into New York (Section IV.A.c)
To comply with Section IV.A.c of the National Standard, electric service providers supplying retail renewable electricitiy to New York state customers are able to coordinate with the New York Department of Environmental Service by following the guidance provided in this document: Guidance on Wheeling Renewable Electricity into the State of New York from PJM-GATS
Québec Generation Emissions Allowance Conversion (Appendix A.7)
Independent retirement of Québec-eligible allowances must be demonstrated for Green-e Energy certification of renewable MWh generated in or directly delivering into Québec. Each seller of such MWh in a Green-e Energy certified retail or wholesale transaction must demonstrate that eligible emissions allowances were retired in amounts in accordance with the following conversion factor: 854 lbs/MWh*.
An account in the "Compliance Instrument Tracking System Service" (CITSS) is necessary in order for a Green-e Energy Participant to retire eligible allowances. Alternatively, the seller of an eligible allowance to a Green-e Energy participant may retire an eligible allowance on behalf of the Participant's Green-e Energy certified sale.
*Calculation based on non-baseload emissions rates and marginal non-baseload fuel data provided by Modelling Group, Energy and Economic Policy Analysis Division, Energy Policy Branch, Natural Resources Canada (2016).
Federal Policy and the Green-e Energy National Standard
The Green-e Energy National Standard is a dynamic document, which strives to set rigorous environmental and consumer protection standards for the voluntary renewable energy market to ensure high quality products and processes. The Green-e Energy National Standard responds to changes in the marketplace for renewables, as is evident from Appendix A on State-Specific Requirements and Restrictions. In the event of policies on a national cap-and-trade program or a national renewable energy standard (RES), the Green-e Energy National Standard would necessarily be updated to reflect resulting changes in the renewable energy market.
In certain proposed national legislation, renewable electricity generation could be granted not only a REC, but potentially also a carbon allowance and/or a "Federal REC" (which would be issued exclusively by the federal government and used for compliance with a national RES). While Green-e Energy cannot state precisely how the National Standard would have to change to adapt to these new federal laws, it is worth noting previous treatment of similar state or regional laws by the National Standard.
The Green-e Energy National Standard requires that a REC / renewable MWh is "fully aggregated to the extent possible under law" and contains all environmental attributes that are linked to its generation. In the case of multiple kinds of RECs or attributes being created with each MWh of renewable electricity generation, all types of RECs and attributes associated with generation of a particular MWh must be retired for a voluntary retail purchase in order for the purchaser to have full and exclusive claim to that renewable MWh. For example, a 2008 law passed in Texas issued certain non-wind renewable MWh both a REC and a Compliance Premium, either of which could be used for RPS compliance; in response, Green-e Energy policy adapted by requiring an otherwise Green-e eligible Texas non-wind REC to be bundled with an associated Compliance Premium to remain eligible for Green-e Energy certification. This is analogous to what could be required if each renewable MWh generates both a REC as is currently known as well as a Federal REC.
In the case of a cap-and-trade program, Green-e Energy already has rules about treatment of renewable MWh generated and sold under the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI). These rules require that RGGI RECs sold in RGGI states (except Delaware) cause a commensurate amount of CO2 emissions allowances to be retired along with the REC in a voluntary sale, so that the purchaser has the full claim to all available environmental benefits of the renewable electricity generation. This is similar to what could be required under a national cap-and-trade program.
If and when laws affecting the voluntary renewable energy market are passed, Green-e Energy will identify what, if any, types of changes are necessary to maintain the integrity and entirety of voluntary market claims on renewable MWh and will act in accordance with Section VI of the National Standard.
Green-e Energy Code of Conduct
Download the Green-e Energy Code of Conduct
Green-e Energy Code of Conduct is one of the main governing documents of
Green-e Energy. It ensures that participating
marketers abide by the consumer protection and environmental standards
established by the Center
for Resource Solutions. Signatories
of the Green-e Energy Code of Conduct pledge to abide by the standard and cooperate
with the Green-e Governance Board, to ensure that these standards
are effective in providing customers information about environmentally
superior services in the renewable energy market.
The Green-e Energy Code of Conduct outlines the responsibilities
of a company offering a Green-e Energy certified product to disclose product
information to all customers prior to their purchase and in the case
that their purchase changes during the term of their purchase agreement. This
document also provides language
for describing Green-e Energy, language for describing a company's
relationship with the Center for Resource Solutions and Green-e Energy, and logo use (see below). Additionally,
the Green-e Energy Code of Conduct outlines the process for CRS review
of marketing materials including the twice-annual marketing compliance
The Green-e Energy Code of Conduct underwent a major update in the July 24, 2015 version. Participants are required to comply with this version beginning July 24, 2016. The previous version of the Code of Conduct was revised November 6, 2013, and is available here.
Market Notice Regarding Use of the Term "Green-e Eligible"
Center for Resource Solutions (CRS) has been made aware of confusion in the marketplace regarding Section IV.A3 of the Green-e Energy Code of Conduct, which prohibits Participants (entities with a contract with CRS to sell a Green-e Energy Certified product) from using the term "Green-e Eligible"—for example, to describe products that may meet Green-e Energy requirements but are not certified. CRS is posting this notice to inform the market that the intent of this prohibition is to prevent non-certified products from being misrepresented as certified to end-users (who may not differentiate between the terms "certifiable" or "eligible," and "certified"). The term "Green-e Eligible" is permitted in contracting for wholesale transactions, where the buyer is not the end-user of the renewable electricity or renewable energy certificate (REC). Posted September 17, 2015.
California Enhanced Community Renewables Requirements
Developers of solar facilities under California's Enhanced Community Renewables (ECR) program should follow the "Green-e Energy Enhanced Community Renewables Developer Requirements" in advance of beginning to develop such facilities. This document covers requirements for marketing, attestations, customer disclosure and more.
Scope 2 Accounting and Residual Mix Emissions Rates
To support Scope 2 accounting by purchasers of Green-e Energy certified renewable energy products, Green-e Energy publishes the following documents:
Green-e Energy Certified Product Mix Change Form
- Summary of WRI Scope 2 Guidance: This 2-page document summarizes the major takeaways from WRI's Scope 2 accounting guidelines as well as required and optional reporting under this guidance. Green-e Energy's summary is intended to help sellers and users of Green-e Energy certified products understand and use WRI's guidance, and contains links to further information.
- 2016 Residual Mix Emissions Rates: Green-e Energy annually publishes "Residual Mix" emissions rates, which are CO2 emissions rates that should be applied to all electricity use that is not associated with a Green-e Energy certified product or for which a more specific set of emissions data is not available. These rates are compatible with WRI's guidance. (See 2015 Residual Mix Emissions Rates)
Under the Green-e Energy Code of Conduct Section E.1.a, Green-e Energy participants whose certified product(s) undergo a substantial change in mix as defined in Section E.1.a during a given Reporting Year must complete and submit a Green-e Energy Certified Product Mix Change Form
as part of their verification submission for that Reporting Year. Failure to do so may require replacement supply to be procured. Please contact Green-e Energy staff with any questions.
Green-e Logo Use Guidelines
Logo Use Guidelines
is specifically referenced within the Code of Conduct and
Customer Disclosure Requirements and provides detailed information on the appropriate
uses of the Green-e logo for all Green-e programs.
Guidelines for Use of Green-e Marks by Renewable Energy Purchasers
The Guidelines for Use of Green-e Marks by Renewable Energy Purchasers
offers clarity on the issue of under what circumstances a purchaser of Green-e Energy Certified renewables is able to use the trademarked
Green-e logo and the term "Green-e". For additional information on logo use by purchasers, see the Green-e Marketplace
section of this Web site as well.